COMPLAINTS AND SPECIAL NEEDS

Of course you can lodge a complaint either during or after a Cambridge exam. It’s even encouraged during the sound test before the Listening Paper, especially as you can’t interrupt the listening. In other cases, the best idea is to complain immediately – in writing if it’s really important and needs t reach the authorities. If you “remember” that the room was too noisy on seeing your exam result, your complaint is not going to sound too well, isn’t it?

If anything objective occurs (the sound system doesn’t work, a bird flies into the room, an invigilator dies of a heart attack), Cambridge is sure to give you another chance or some extra minutes, depending on the situation, so don’t worry.

Also, if you have any special needs that are documented, let your centre know while signing up for the exam, so that they can help you. The help ranges from wearing headphones during the listening exam to being in a separate room to being able to write your writing exam on a computer.

http://www.cambridgeenglish.org/help/complaints/

http://www.cambridgeenglish.org/help/special-requirements/

http://www.cambridgeenglish.org/help/special-considerations/

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CAE: SPEAKING – TIPS (4)

My last speaking post concerns Part 3 and 4 of the oral exam, when you talk to your partner discussing photos (3) or answering the examiner’s questions.

When you look at the official Cambridge brochure, what you need to present in the oral exam is the following 12 skills:

For Part 2 mostly:

  • comparing (whereas, slightly more, by far the biggest)
  • describing (in the top right picture)
  • speculating (it seems as if, might, doesn’t look particularly)

For Parts 3 and 4:

  • general interaction (right*, well**, where shall we begin?)
  • sustaining interaction (moving on to, shall we move on?, anyway, as I was saying)
  • expressing opinions (it seems to me that, I believe that, as I see it, from my point of view, I have an impression)
  • justifying opinions (you see, I mean, besides, basically)
  • (dis)agreeing (I completely agree, I couldn’t agree more, I think I see what you mean but***, that’s true in a way I suppose but)
  • exchanging ideas (what about you? I bet you, so all in all do you feel)
  • suggesting (why don’t we, how about, wouldn’t it be better to)
  • evaluating (looks like we have a winner here, so it’s definitely out, let’s cross this one out shall we)
  • concluding (so to sum up, it seems we have reached a conclusion)

*”Right” is what you say quietly WHILE your partner is speaking. It’s good manners in English to make noises to show you are listening.

**Feel free start ANY utterance with “well” if you are talking to the examiner. You can also start ANY utterance with “so” if you are talking to your partner.

***In English you can’t say that you disagree. You need to somewhat agree, then present your point of view after the “but”.

 

The best way to practise the expressions is to find a partner and prepare a set of cards with the expressions. Try:

  • talking about anything using the cards
  • doing exam tasks from Part 4 using the cards
  • doing exam tasks from Part 3 using the cards
  • doing exam tasks from Part 3 using the cards and timing your task (give yourselves 3-4 minutes)
  • doing exam tasks from Part 3 without the cards

 

As you can see, what you have to do during the exam is:

  • to use a lot of expressions rather than say something intelligent
  • to do “the ping pong” with your partner, that is either encourage them to speak or fight for your turn
  • not to waste too much time at each photo, keep moving on, time flies

CAE: SPEAKING – TIPS (3)

After an informal chat about yourself comes the dreaded Part 2 of the Speaking exam. I don’t know about you but I think it tests how well people understand instructions under stress rather than your level of English. As a result, the most important strategy for this part is to know the procedure BY HEART.  Be able to explain it when they wake you up at night. Be able to explain it in English as well as in your mother tongue. Be able to explain it to your 7-year-old nephew. Can you? Great, now you can actually practise it.

It looks like this:

You and your Speaking exam partner are shown three pictures and two questions.

Person 1 has to talk for 1 minute about just TWO of the pictures answering the two questions.

Person 2 is asked another question about the pictures and has 30 seconds to answer.

You are shown three different pictures and two different questions.

Person 2 has to talk for 1 minute about just TWO of the pictures answering the two questions.

Person 2 is asked another question about the pictures and has 30 seconds to answer.

The end. You move on to Part 3 of the Speaking exam. 

Ha, I wish that was everything! However, this is just the sequence and the time limits. You still need to know how to answer the questions because 1) you can’t just answer them like a normal (English) person, 2) you CAN’T DESCRIBE THE PICTURES. Well. you can a little, but only if it answers the questions. Which it usually doesn’t, so it’s a waste of time.

Here’s the sequence again with some extra comments:

You and your Speaking exam partner are shown three pictures and two questions.

  • If you can, don’t use the words from the questions in your answer, use synonyms.
  • Don’t identify the pictures by describing them! (“The girl playing tennis…”) It usually means using very easy vocabulary, which is a waste of the exam time. Say things like “in the top right picture” or “in the bottom left picture“. 

Person 1 has to talk for 1 minute about just TWO of the pictures answering the two questions.

  • As you have to compare and contrast the pictures, choose the two that are very different.
  • You are obliged to SPECULATE. You must use expressions such as “might well be”, “may have arrived” or “can’t have done”.
  • You are obliged to compare and contrast the pictures using expressions such as “much bigger”, “not quite as good as” or “considerably less efficient”.
  • To jump between the pictures use “whereas“, “while” or “on the other hand”.
  • 1 minute gives you time to answer the first question about the first picture in one sentence, jump to the other one, say one sentence, move to the other question and repeat the procedure. You absolutely MUST practice it at home with a watch.

Person 2 is asked another question about the pictures and has 30 seconds to answer.

  • They always ask you to choose one picture, so revise superlative structures and advanced expressions for giving opinion (“Well, clearly,…”, “From my perspective”, “If it was up to me” etc. “In my opinion” is good for First Certificate.)
  • 30 seconds is basically saying one sentence,

You are shown three different pictures and two different questions. (…)

 

All in all:

  • learn the procedure well (you can cut up this page for example)
  • prepare at least 3 expressions for: speculation, comparison, jumping, superlatives, introducing your opinion, moving to another questio
  • you don’t need to say anything intelligent in between using the above language
  • train with a watch

Uff…

CAE: SPEAKING – TIPS (2)

The first part of the oral exam is simply answering questions about yourself. It’s aim is to relax you. However, many people are so scared at this point (or tired, as sometimes the oral exam follows the written exam marathon) that they answer with “yes”, “yyyyhm” or “I don’t know”.

The trick here is to start using a phrase such as “Oh, that’s a tricky one” or “Well, let me see…”. It gives you extra time to think, makes you sound more natural and earns you extra points in the eyes of the examiner.

You can even use a whole table to make sure you start with a phrase, talk, link and talk some more.

Phrases: Well,… / Actually,… / As a matter of fact, … / That’s a tricky one. / Let me think. / Difficult to say, really. / No, I’m afraid I… / I haven’t made up my mind yet but I might… / Oh, very much so.

Linking: in fact / which / as / particularly / who / even / Who knows, I might even

Another important strategy is to LIE. Don’t think about the real answer, just invent one. In the exam you don’t have the time to analyse your future career, decide which of your interests is worth mentioning or count how many countries you have been to.

CAE: LISTENING – TIPS (2)

The title of this post is a bit misleading as I’ve been posting about listening for quite a while now, however, this post is exclusively about the exam listening.

If you want to know more about the length of this part and what tasks are included, see this link:

http://www.cambridgeenglish.org/exams/advanced/exam-format/

Other important details:

1. There is a sound check at the beginning of the exam. Feel free to complain!

2. You can’t complain about sound quality during the exam, however, you can complain in writing right after the exam.

3. The teachers present during the exam fill in special forms about the sound quality, too.

4. The listening cannot be stopped. You can’t ask questions or go to the bathroom.

5. You have 5 minutes to copy your answers onto the answering sheet after the exam.

6. It’s better to choose an answer than leave a gap.

LISTENING VIA TED TALKS

It’s very popular these days to recommend listening to TED talks online to Cambridge exam candidates as well as other learners of English. There are thousands of topics to choose from plus, more importantly, they are similar to those of Cambridge exam listenings where there is only one person speaking. It’s TED talks and the BBC, not series, that you should listen to on regular basis.

Here’s a little trick to make your listening more active.

While listening to a talk, make note if the moments where you heard the typical English whaglumbriglum instead of separate words: “Ok, so he said something about hotdogs and then no idea”. Your list should look like this: hotdogs….? beach…? his birthday…? (If there are many fragments like that choose just a few)

Now listen again with English subtitles on (most talks have subtitles). Locate the difficult fragments and remember them or write them down.

Listen again looking at your notes. Rewind, close your eyes, whatever you like.

At some point you are either going to hear all the words or learn that whochugo-ere means “what have you got here” 🙂

You can also use lyricstraining.

Please don’t watch anything for the first time with the subtitles on. This is not listening – it’s reading.

LISTENING VIA PRONUNCIATION (4)

RULE 3: INTERNATIONAL WORDS ARE ALWAYS PRONOUNCED DIFFERENTLY

As you must have noticed by now, international words – Latin words, brand names, place names etc. – are always pronounced differently. Below you can see lists of some of them, which also serve as a revision of the previous two chapters.

Exercise 31.

Place names:

London                                   Sweden                                   Berlin

Japan                                      Asia                                         Wales

Jamaica                                  Egypt                                      Ireland

Rome                                      Tunisia                                    Venice

Austria                                   Warsaw                                  Thames

 

Exercise 32.

Brand names:

Google                                    Ford                                        Colgate

Fairy                                       Gmail                                      Wikipedia

Ikea                                         Nike                                        Microsoft

My Little Pony                      Puma                                      Youtube

 

Exercise 33.

Personal names:

Barbara                                  Robert                                      Aphrodite

Adam                                      Ana                                         Batman

Margaret                                Sam                                         Bill

Mick                                       Vicky                                      Leonard

Laura                                     Hermione                               Daniel

 

Exercise 34.

International nouns:

nation                                     literature                                chocolate

restaurant                              history                                    courage

climate                                    structure                                 posture

procedure                               blog                                         pub

athlete                                     vehicle                                     theory

result                                       organisation                           specialisation

code                                        basket                                     machine

poet                                         college                                     surfing

author                                     rhythm                                    bomb

 

Exercise 35.

International adjectives:

urban                                      total                                         local

national                                  sociable                                   basic

rational                                   creative                                   pre-

bi-                                            bio-                                          micro-

vital                                         private                                    automatic

 

Exercise 36.

International abbreviations:

DNA                                       CIA                                         AIDS

HIV                                         FBI                                          EU